14th journées Louis-André Gérard-Varet

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Higher education and fertility: Evidence from a natural experiment in Ethiopia
Miron Tequame, Nyasha Tirivayi

Last modified: 2015-03-14


This paper uses an increase in the supply of higher education to identify the effectsof education on fertility. Using an age discontinuity in the exposure to higher educationreform in Ethiopia, we find that education lowers fertility by 15% and increases thelikelihood of never giving birth by 25%. We explore the role of potential underlyingmechanisms and find that this negative effect is channeled through positive assortativemating and the postponement of sexual activity, marriage and motherhood. We alsofind that female education has no effect on labour market participation.


Family Formation; Fertility Preference; Higher Education; Marriage